Tooth extraction is done by a dentist, an oral surgeon or a periodontist. It involves removing the problematic tooth from the gum socket and the underlying bone. The most common problems that lead to tooth extraction are tooth decay, gum disease, crowded teeth, impacted teeth and tooth breakage. The three types of extractions are simple extractions, impacted tooth extractions, and removal of the root of the tooth. To do this the dentist will use forceps and elevators. Sometimes if the tooth is rigidly held, then the bone fragments may have to be removed as well.
Risks associated with tooth extraction: There are several risks associated with tooth extraction: They are pain, inflammation, bleeding, infection, alignment problems, bite collapse, extended healing, dry socket, nerve injury, etc. The entire extraction procedure takes anywhere between 20 to 40 minutes i.e. from giving the anesthetic to stitching (if needed).