What Causes Caries in Teeth?
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21 December 2022

What Causes Caries in Teeth?

Caries, also known as cavities, is a common dental health problems that can affect anyone, regardless of age. Although it is easy to treat when caught early, it can lead to extensive damage and even tooth loss if left untreated.  


In this blog, we will look at what causes caries in teeth, the types of caries, and the best ways to prevent them. So, if you’re looking to learn more about this dental condition, keep reading to find out more! 


Read our blog here: https://theelitedental.com/cavities-causes-symptoms-and-prevention/ 


What is Caries? 


Caries, also known as tooth decay, is an oral health condition caused by prolonged exposure to certain bacteria that produce acids that eat away at the enamel and dentin of the teeth. This can lead to pain, discomfort, and eventually, tooth loss. It is the most common chronic disease affecting children and adults alike, and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 60–90% of school-aged children and almost all adults in the developed world have experienced caries in their permanent teeth. 


Causes of Caries 


So what causes caries? A combination of factors, including diet, oral hygiene, genetics, and lifestyle all play a role in the development of caries. 


Diet: Many people associate sugary drinks and snacks with caries, and while sugar certainly plays a role, other dietary factors can also contribute. Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and avoiding processed and refined carbohydrates is key for maintaining healthy teeth. 


Oral hygiene: Poor oral hygiene increases the risk of caries. Brushing twice a day, flossing once, and using mouthwash can help reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and prevent caries from forming. 


Genetics: Research has found that genetics may play a role in caries. A study from the American Dental Association (ADA) found that people with a family history of caries were more likely to develop caries than those without a family history. 


Lifestyle: Certain lifestyle factors can also contribute to caries. Smoking, drinking alcohol, and using drugs can all increase the risk of caries due to their negative effects on oral health. 


How to prevent Caries? 


Now that you know what causes caries, let’s look at how you can prevent them. 


Maintain a balanced diet: Eating a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help keep your teeth healthy. Avoid sugary snacks and drinks, as well as processed and refined carbohydrates. 


Brush and floss twice a day: Brushing and flossing twice a day can help remove plaque and bacteria from the mouth and reduce your risk of caries. 


Visit your dentist regularly: Regular visits to the dentist are important for maintaining good oral health. Your dentist can detect early signs of caries and provide treatment if necessary. 


Limit tobacco and alcohol: Smoking and drinking alcohol can increase your risk of caries. Limiting their use or avoiding them altogether is recommended for good oral health. 


Caries can be a serious and sometimes painful condition, but with proper diet, oral hygiene, and lifestyle habits, you can protect your teeth and gums from decay. If you have any questions or concerns about your oral health, be sure to speak with your dentist.